Diabetes

In the past 25 years, managing the co-epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis has presented an enormous challenge for health systems in low- and middle-income countries. In the 21st century, a new kind of co-epidemic is looming, created by the dramatically increasing number of people with diabetes.

Global data shows that diabetes increases the risk of tuberculosis by a factor of 2-3. With an estimated 387 million diabetic patients worldwide in 2014 and the number predicted to grow to 592 million by 2030, the diabetes epidemic threatens to cause an escalation in TB incidence as well as complicate the management of the disease.

Key findings 2014

  • In 2014, an estimated 387 million people have diabetes
  • 77% live in low- and middle-income countries.
  • 179 million people with diabetes are undiagnosed.
  • Diabetes caused 4.9 million deaths in 2014.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of tuberculosis by a factor of 2-3.

Source: Diabetes Atlas (6th ed)