Since 2006, The Union has worked with the Uganda's National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Programme (NTLP) and the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) on TB and HIV collaborative activities. Through its Integrated HIV Care for Tuberculosis Patients Living with HIV/AIDS (IHC) Programme, The Union implemented a two-phased operational research study in five districts of Uganda from May 2006 to September 2008.

Phase 1 was an exploratory qualitative knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs study focused on identifying barriers to TB/HIV collaborative activities at four levels: provider, health facility, patient and community. Phase 1 results were used to develop a protocol for an epidemiological second phase cross-sectional study, which focused on identifying patient, provider and facility factors influencing uptake of HIV testing among TB patients.

Study results were disseminated nationally and internationally to various stakeholders, Ministry of Health (MoH) TB and HIV control programmes, donor partners and, at district level, to health workers involved in service delivery through conferences, meetings and publications. The results have helped both the MoH and partners to identify strategies to improve the implementation of collaborative TB/HIV services.